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Download SSC CGL 17 Tier 1 Papers

Download SSC CGL 17 Tier 1 Papers

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All about Accountant in CGA

Accountant in CGA (CONTROLLER GENERAL OF ACCOUNTS)

Level: 5

Basic Pay: Rs. 29,200/-

Website - http://www.cga.nic.in/

  • A new office of the Controller General of Accounts (CGA) has been created as a part of the department of expenditure of the ministry of finance. He administers matters relating to the departmentalization of accounts of the Central government. Since 1976, the CGA is the technical authority who heads the new accounting set-up of Central government.
  • He is responsible for prescribing the form of accounts and framing rules and regulations in the area of accounts. Internal audit, publication of accounts codes and manuals and cadre management of civil accounts personnel is CGA’s responsibility. He makes monthly and annual consolidation of accounts of the Central government.
  • Under Article 283 of the Constitution, the CGA will deal with the custody and other aspects of Consolidated Fund, Contingency Fund and moneys credited to the Public Accounts. He will also prepare a condensed form of the appropriation accounts and finance accounts of the Central government.
  • These, after getting audited by the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India, are placed before the Parliament by the President. The appropriation accounts compare the actual expenditure under various grants with the amount of voted grants as specified in the Appropriation Act passed by the Parliament. The finance accounts must show (under the respective heads) the annual receipts and disbursements for the purposes of the Central government.
  • According to Article 150 of the Constitution, the form of the accounts of the Central and state governments is prescribed by the President of India on the advice of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India. The form of budget corresponds to the form of accounts. The existing accounting practice could not meet the requirements of performance budgeting.
  • Consequently, a revised accounting structure was introduced in 1974 by the Central government to serve the objectives of management and the need of financial control and accountability. To ensure this revised scheme, a five tier classification of accounts as sectoral head, major head, minor head, sub head, and detailed head has been adopted.
  • This sectoral classification further sub-divided the functions of government into three sectors general services (with six sub-sectors), social and community services and economic services (with seven sub-sectors). In addition, there is a fourth sector, namely, grants-in-aid and contributions. The major head of account denotes a function of government while the minor head is assigned to a programme.
  • The sub head denotes the scheme covered by a programme and the detailed head repre­sents the expenditure on the scheme in terms of inputs. The ‘object head’ (i.e., the object level of classification) has been retained and placed under the last tier. It provides item-wise control over expenditure. The approval of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India is required for any change in the major head.
  • Under the new system, the secretary, as the chief accounting authority, has a total and overall responsibility for the efficient working of the payment and accounting set-up. The payment functions have been taken over by the ministries themselves and are discharged by their own pay and accounts officers.
  • The cash transactions of the government are being handled by the Reserve Bank of India, State Bank of India and its subsidiaries and by other public sector banks. It is expected that the departmentalisation of accounts will enable the ministries to watch the flow of expenditure regularly and take effective connective action wherever necessary. It will facilitate the settlement of all claims directly by the departments by cheques.
  • The large variations from the budgeted allocation which were very common till 1976, are expected to disappear under the new system of separation. It will also help in proper maintenance of provident fund accounts and prompt settlement of claims. This will speed up the compilation of accounts. The accounts of the ministries and departments are to be compiled within 25 days after the close of the month.

Even when the Act of 1971 envisages separation, the C&AG under the Constitution has not been totally relieved of his accountant’s responsibility. The new dispensation expects the C&AG to perform his constitutional obligations. These powers and duties relating to accounting envisaged under the new Act are as under:

  1. Article 150 of the Constitution empowers the Comptroller and Auditor-General with the approval of the President to prescribe the form in which the accounts of the union and the states are to be kept.
  2. The Act empowers C&AG for preparing accounts every year showing the annual receipts and disbursement of the union and each state. These accounts are designated as ‘Finance Accounts’.
  3. He is responsible for keeping of accounts of the union and of each state other than accounts relating to defence and railways and accounts relating to transactions in UK.
  4. C&AG has also to submit report annually to each government In respect of accounts kept by him. ‘Appropriation Accounts’, i.e., accounts pertaining to expenditure are brought into account during the financial year to the several items specified in the Schedule to appropriate Acts passed in accordance with the provisions of Articles 114 and 204 of the Constitution. In fact, the form of these accounts is determined by the Comptroller and Auditor-General in consultation with government concerned. Under the second phase, another group of eight ministries was covered. The departmentalisation of accounts has been completed in October 1976 and the revenue, accounting work has also been taken over from April 1, 1977. All this implies that the C&AG has been relieved of work but not of his final responsibility. The ministry has taken over the executive responsibility of accounts but the audit work does need his supervision and an overall control and approval of changes in the accounting system of the country.

We got detailed description of Accountant in CGA from one of CGL 13 Selected Aspirant. Thanks to her sharing this detailed Post Description.

Post Code : X

Accountants posted under CGA are mainly posted in Pay and Accounts Offices and Divisional Offices under various ministries. These offices again have some sub ordinate offices under them, whose payment authorities’ vest upon these PAO and CPAO offices. So, the work profile of Junior Accountant is same in any of the above mentioned office. To provide you an idea about the post we'll share the description of Junior Accountant in CGA post in Ministry of External Affairs. 

So, the person sharing the post description of Junior Accountant in CGA is Posted in MINISTRY OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS AND OVERSEAS INDIAN AFFAIRS

(one has to be a high scorer in the merit list of Post X to avail the opportunities of the mentioned ministry). The Foreign Secretary is the Chief Accounting Authority in the Ministry of External Affairs. He discharges his functions with the assistance of Additional Secretary (Financial Adviser) and the Pr. Chief Controller of Accounts.

Posting Place - Delhi Only

A brief description of the post with the inside scenario of the office and its culture, work profile, and other related know how.

Profile

An Accountant (Lekhakar) is the auditor of Accounts. The Office is headed by the Principal Chief Controller of Accounts and in his office, we all are appointed. He is assisted by the Controller of Accounts and then the senior Accounts Officers.

There are 5 senior Accounts officers heading various Sections. The Office performs its duties through various sections divided for respective works like Pre- Check – I/II, Internal Audit, Compilation, Administration, Consolidation, Coordination, Pensions, Fund I/II, I-MAS, Letter of Credits and Current Accounts section. Each section is headed by the Assistant Accounts Officer who is a Gazetted Officer (GP-4800).

It is known that the work load is dependent on the ministry but it does not true for this one. In the Ministry of External Affairs, work load depends on the Section one is posted into.

If posted in Consolidation Section, then escaping from work is least expected from you and if , in case, looking relax and do just an hour or two work, then this section is not your cup of tea. Like this every section has its own functioning and importance with work load ranging from moderate to low in few sections.

Your work in the ministry is to pass bill and make salary statement.

Quick Review

Foreign Visits only in MEA

FSI Lectures – Yes (Extra Pay for this )

Accommodation – Eligible for type II , but everybody knows about the long waiting queue

Promotion

*In three years, Accountant is eligible to sit in the exam for AAO (Gazetted Officer)

Your first and compulsory promotion is on the post of Sr. Accountants after 3 years of regular service. After the post of Sr. Accountant you may get your 2nd promotion to AAO (Assistant Accounts Officer) but to become AAO you need to clear departmental exam – SAS

If you do not clear your departmental exam you will be Sr. Accountant life time but increment in the salary will be applicable for you.

Jr. Accountant in CGA or C&AG??

  1. Lifetime in Delhi in Good Ministry. [gap height="5"]
  2. In CAG even you clear SAS exam it take years to become AAO while in CGA promotion is immediate.
  3. Next promotion after AAO is PAO (Principal Accounts Officer 5400 GP). It may take 15 years to get promoted from AAO to PAO (It is very slow in CGA)
  4. Last Promotion promotion possible for the candidates recruited through SSC is Sr. Account Officer . It will be after 12-15 year service as PAO.

So this is all about CGA Accountant Some other worthy features

  • Easy Life
  • 5 Days a week job
  • Minimal Work
  • Fair Promotion Chances
  • No Corruption
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All about Sub Inspector (NIA)

Sub Inspector in NIA (National Investigation Agency)

Level: 6

Basic Pay: Rs. 35,400/-

Posting - Head Quarters in Delhi but you have to serve Anywhere in India

SSC CGL also provides you with an opportunity to get selected in one of the most prestigious departments of India – National Investigation Agency (NIA).

Salary

Even though SI in NIA is a 4200 grade Pay job but then also his salary is equivalent to a 4600 grade pay central Govt employee as he gets 25% extra of Basic + DA and also he is paid 13 months’ salary in a year.

Effective In hand salary (Considering 13 month salary):

Class X cities= Rs. 43,166

Class Y cities= Rs. 39,492

Class Z cities= Rs. 37,664

Hence effective in hand salary is more than any other posts offered in SSC-CGL.

Job Profile

NIA was formed in 2008 after Mumbai attacks to counter Terrorism. As an officer with NIA, you shall be working with this Law Enforcement agency on counter terrorism operations.

Recently, in 2013 it was notified in the Official Gazette of India about the organizational structure of NIA which includes direct recruitment of 28 Sub-Inspectors through SSC exam.

Previously, NIA was recruiting only the officers on 4200 grade pay with two years of investigation experience from other agencies like Delhi Police, SPG, CBI, IB etc. This year onwards they have started the direct recruitment.[gap height="5"]

Work Profile

Right now, most of the work force in NIA is on deputation from other police forces and allied agencies. The work profile of a SI is mixed of that of intelligence officer and that of law enforcement. You shall be responsible to do clerical court work (NIA has separate courts and acts of prosecution), execute summons and warrants, examine witnesses, keep their custody, collect and analyze intelligence and ground verification of previous intelligence and be a part of raiding/spot investigation team. While investigating a terror case or activity, an NIA official is deemed authority equivalent to the SHO of police of that area. Our source (a current officer on deputation) tells us that the post is nowhere as powerful as that of CBI. Reason being that CBI deals with corruption and crime committed by normal people or goons. Every other govt official/politician/police is involved in some or other corruption activity, so it is obvious that they have a fear of CBI as the CBI has power and jurisdiction to act on these corrupt people and prosecute them.

Now, the NIA profile majorly deals with terrorists and international mafias and drug syndicates. These are not your common people who would be afraid of jail or raids of CBI. Thus, any common person, police official, business man, government official or even a politician have no reason to be afraid of NIA because NIA has no authority to prosecute them. To sum it up, NIA don’t have any social power/status that you can flaunt in your social or friend circle. Infact, if you are an NIA official who is collecting intelligence of terrorist organizations, even the terrorist organizations are advance enough to collect counter information about NIA officials and NIA’s activities. Further, no chance whatsoever for any under table, over table or along table earnings. So, it’s a risky profile with lesser benefits that other jobs of SSC.

Posting

As a SI in NIA, you would be above ASIs, constables, DEOs of your department. You can be sent to any corner of the country where there is a suspected terrorist activity that took place (eg. recent bomb making factory that exploded in West Bengal). You would be required to camp and investigate in the most interior and remote places. Also, you would be required to gather intelligence about any bomb blast site like that of Pune bakery blast or Samjhauta Express blast site etc. Thus you cannot flaunt your card around, you have to work discretely without any power or authority. NIA has 5 branch offices in Hyderabad, Guwahati, Kochi, Lucknow and Mumbai with Head Quarters at Delhi.

Promotions

There is not a very clear scenario about promotions. On papers, a SI in NIA should be promoted to an Inspector rank after 5 yrs, but reality is a lot different, it all depends on the vacancies and the waiting list of seniors before you. Expect your first promotion not before 7-8 yrs of service. Very similar to Delhi Police SI promotion stagnation, the senior posts are mostly occupied by IPS officers on deputation, so rising very high up is not possible for a Sub Inspector. There is stagnation after one or two promotions. If you are very lucky, you may retire from the post of SP.[gap height="5"]

SSCtube Gyaan

Keep in mind that your friends opting for other posts like Inspectors, Assistants becomes a gazetted officer with one promotion while you would need 2 promotions just to be a Class 1 gazetted officer. The pyramid hierarchy structure makes it very difficult for anyone to get more than 3 or 4 promotions in a Govt. job career (dominated by seniority and reservation instead of merit). At the end of the day you are just another 4200 GP Govt. personnel and just receiving salary equivalent to a 4600 gp. While your friends shall enjoy a 9 to 5 job with all gazetted holidays and offs, being in this job you have to work at odd hours and Sundays too and this is the reason you are being paid extra (which equates to 4600 gp) for the risky job and disturbed life scene.

Initially, many of us are crazy to desire a ‘risky’ and ‘challenging’ job profile to work with. But remember, you would still be stuck in this profile even 15 yrs down the life when you would want to spend time with your wife and focus on your parent’s well being and kid’s future. The tensions, erratic work hours and lifestyle, thankless work, minimal recognition of efforts are something that take toll on your health and social life. But then, there still are people who work in these profiles; both with choice or for the lack of choice. Choose wisely, because eventually it’s you have to live your life with your desires and aspirations.

If you have passion to serve the country and do the adventurous kind of job then NIA is the place for you. But, If you have the mindset to earn UTM then in harsh words we would like to say that there is not place for traitors in NIA.

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All about SI in CBI

Sub Inspector in Central Bureau of Investigation

Level: 7

Basic Pay: R. 44,900/-

Class X cities= Rs. 43,166 Class Y cities= Rs. 39,492 Class Z cities= Rs. 37,664

Vacancies in 2014: 129

SSC CGL also provides you with an opportunity to get selected in one of the most prestigious departments of India - Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI). Through SSC CGL you get entry as Sub Inspector in CBI which is a Group B post with 4200 grade pay.

Something about CBI department

The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), functioning under Dept. of Personnel, Ministry of Personnel, Pension & Public Grievances, Government of India, is the premier investigating police agency of the nation. It is an elite force playing a major role in maintaining Law & Order in the country. It is also the nodal police agency in India which coordinates investigation on behalf of Interpol Member countries.CBI investigations have a major impact on the political and economic life of the nation. The following broad categories of criminal cases are handled by the CBI:

  1. Cases of corruption and fraud committed by public servants of all Central Govt. Departments, Central Public Sector Undertakings and Central Financial Institutions.
  2. Economic crimes, including bank frauds, financial frauds, Import Export & Foreign Exchange violations, large-scale smuggling of narcotics, antiques, cultural property and smuggling of other contraband items etc.
  3. Special Crimes, such as cases of terrorism, bomb blasts, sensational homicides, kidnapping for ransom and crimes committed by the mafia/the underworld.

Most of the top posts of CBI are held by IPS (Indian Police Services) officers.

Infrastructure

CBI headquarters is a ₹186 crore, state-of-the-art 11-story building in New Delhi, housing all branches of the agency. The 7,000-square-metre building is equipped with a modern communications system, an advanced record-maintenance system, storage space, computerised access control and an additional facility for new technology. Interrogation rooms, cells, dormitories and conference halls are provided. The building has a staff cafeteria with a capacity of 500, men's and women's gyms, a terrace garden and bi-level basement parking for 470 vehicles.

After Selection

The dossiers of the selected candidates will be sent to the CBI headquarters in New Delhi. Then you will be called for Physical test .It won’t be very tough except that you should meet the minimum physical standards mentioned in SSC CGL notification (if you don’t fulfil that criteria you should not opt for CBI).

Then you would be called for your training in CBI Academy Ghaziabad. After successful completion of training only you will be allotted zones based on your preference.  More than 90% of the candidates are allotted Delhi zone only.

 Training

Since you are working in CBI, you have a broad scope of cases to investigate. Virtually any case which looks inscrutable to the state police can come to CBI on the orders of Central Government. So you need an extensive training. This training shall be tough just like your job. The schedule of the training is as follows:

Training Duration
Institutional Training with CBI Academy(phase 1) 7 Months
Attachment with Local Police 9 Weeks
Attachment with CBI Branch 9 Weeks
Institutional Training with CBI Academy(phase 2) 10 Weeks
Total 1 year 7 weeks

Total training period is 59 weeks out of which 42 weeks training held in CBI Academy. The CBI Academy is in Ghaziabad. The 26.5-acre campus, with fields and plantations, houses the administrative, academic, hostel and residential buildings.  CBI Academy has emerged as a major police training institution and has made a mark at the National as well as International level. It has been recognised in March 2010 for Excellence in Training in the field of Crime Investigation, Prosecution and Vigilance.

   Work Profile

It is a non uniform job .The main function of Sub-Inspectors (or Inspectors) posted in the Branches/Units is to make enquiries and investigations and to gather information. They will enquire into or investigate the cases which are allotted to them. It is also their duty to look after their cases in Courts during trial or during the disciplinary proceedings which are initiated on the recommendations of CBI. Therefore the job profile of CBI includes frequent visits to courts which can be cumbersome for many people. Taking criminal to the courts safely is another concern attached to this profile. As CBI sometimes takes up cases of terrorists, it can be a challenging task. But no concern as you shall be provided adequate security from police. The work profile of an inspector and sub inspector remains the same.

Due to these functions the CBI SI profile is considered to be a tough profile. You will need to extend your working hours or may even work on Saturdays. In addition, this profile demands a lot of travelling across India, wherever you are allotted a case you will need to go there, collect all the information and perform the investigation. So it is a stressful job and your family & personal life suffer. But in such investigations, you shall have complete authority over state police and other involved departments.

Jurisdiction and powers of CBI

The legal powers of investigation of the CBI are derived from the DSPE Act 1946, which confers powers, duties, privileges and liabilities on the Delhi Special Police Establishment (CBI) and officers of the Union Territories. The central government may extend to any area (except Union Territories) the powers and jurisdiction of the CBI for investigation, subject to the consent of the government of the concerned state. Members of the CBI at or above the rank of sub-inspector may be considered officers in charge of police stations. So while on investigation even an SI has a lot of power and he can arrest or interrogate a Govt official well above his own (SI) rank.

Anyone will admit that CBI SI is one of the most influential and powerful posts offered by SSC CGL. While on investigation a CBI official heads the team which has state police officers and officers from other concerned departments with the ultimate authority residing with CBI.

All the departments (IT, excise, custom, narcotics) and even Politicians know that if they come under CBI scanner, they can’t escape it. That is why a CBI official is always respected/feared by police, other government officials, Bankers, Businessman and Politicians.  Among General public, friends and relatives also you will be greatly respected. Another thing, there is usually a perception among people that other department inspectors(IT , excise , custom) always feed on UTM , which is not the case for CBI officers. So you will truly be respected behind your back also.

Here are the newspaper clippings showing the work/power of CBI.

             

Promotion

Promotion opportunities is good in CBI. It takes around 5 years to get first promotion that is to become an inspector. But Second Promotion to Deputy Superintendent takes usually 12-13 years. Then you will become Additional Superintendent after 3rd promotion which takes around 10 years. After that in every 4-5 years you get a promotion. Normally a Sub Inspector go up to the level of Senior Superintendent. In rare case a person joined as SI in very young age and maintaining a very good record, can go up to deputy inspector general of police which is a big shot post to have.

Salary

Even though SI in CBI is a 4200 grade Pay job but then also his salary is equivalent to a 4600 grade pay central Govt employee as he gets 25% extra of Basic + DA and also he is paid 13 months’ salary in a year. Effective In hand salary (Considering 13 month salary): Class X cities= Rs. 43,166 Class Y cities= Rs. 39,492 Class Z cities= Rs. 37,664 Hence effective in hand salary is more than any other posts offered in SSC-CGL. In CBI, it is very difficult to earn UTM as you will always be in the scanner of your department.

Physical Standards required

This is among the very few jobs for which any kind of physical disability will make you unfit for the job. CBI demands very good Physical fitness all through your service. You go through a rigorous training during your first year. But before all that you should have the following physical standards to get selected in CBI as SI. You should not opt for CBI if you don’t match any of the following criteria.

  1. a) Height

For men - 165 cms. For women - 150 cms. Height relaxable for Hillsmen and Tribals: 5 cms.

  1. b) Chest:

76 cms. With expansion (There shall be no such requirement in case of female Candidates)

  1. c) Vision:

Eye-sight (with or without glasses) Distant vision: 6/6 in one and 6/9 in the other eye. Near vision 0.6 in one eye and 0.8 in other eye.[gap]

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All about Divisional Accountant in CAG

Divisional Accountant in CAG

Level: 6

Basic Pay: Rs. 35,400/-

Introduction

Divisional Accountant in CAG is a post which comes under Comptroller and Auditor General of India i.e. C&AG: “An autonomous institution established under the constitution of India”.

Process after Selection

C&AG head office will ask for state preferences, personal information and attestation form. Once the deadline gets over, they will allot state according to your merit vis-à-vis preferences provided by you.

Getting a home state in DA is like winning a lottery. As all the seniors working in DA cadre recommends that new recruits must prefer their home state to join as DA. Reason for this recommendation is simple; working in home state will make you comfortable to work with the state government employees (where you natively reside, hence a stronger local connection) while in other state you might be treated with parity. Moreover, other factors like commuting to your hometown and life time same posting i.e. home state also favors this recommendation.

Once state allotment is finalized, your dossiers shall be sent to respective state AG offices. They will issue the appointment letters. With appointment letter you will be asked to give preferences for the cities you like to be posted in, options you can opt might be 3, 4 or 5 depending on state to state basis. After receiving your preference, state AG Office shall allot you the cities and specific division in that city, most of the candidates can get their first or second preferred city. You will work under a senior DA or DAO for 6 month from the date of joining. He may or may not be interested in mentoring you to learn the intricacies of the job. During this time period, it’s entirely up to you whether you attend office or skip it. No one will say anything to you because your absence will help them to carry on their usual activities (including corruption, job bunks) smoothly.

Training

After 6 months of work in the division, state AG office will call you for training. The training lasts for 10 months and in this period you will stay in the city where state’s AG office is located. You have to make all the staying arrangements yourself. No extra allowances will be provided for the said training period. After completion of training, there will be Divisional Accountant Grade Examination (DAGE) which is conducted twice every year. Your get confirmed if you pass this exam, in case you fail (very rare chance) your probation shall continue till you clear (within 6 given attempts). Just after passing this exam you will be allotted a light division charge but in current staff crunch scenario, a single DA is handling the charge of 2 or more divisions, so scope of under the table money increases many folds.

Note 1 – Unlike CSS, in Divisional Account Cadre your seniority is not decided by the date on which C&AG stated the no. of vacancies to SSC(Assistant CSS of CGL13 shall get seniority from the date of advt. of CGL13). Your seniority will depend on your confirmation after passing the DAG Exam. For e.g. if you get failed in DAGE but your junior clears it before you, then he will be your senior forever. However, you will get 6 attempts to clear this exam which is pretty easy to clear.

Note 2 – This is a very important point, which shall decide your entire career graph. DAGE exam consist a compulsory paper of regional language like Gujarat state will have Guajarati language paper, Maharashtra will have Marathi and so on. So you must give your state preferences judiciously. If you are sure enough to pass the regional language exam then chose different states whose regional language is not Hindi.

JOB Profile

  1. How C&AG defines DA profile - The Divisional accountants are constituted in a separate cadre with its own leave and training reserve under the administrative control of the accountant General. This cadre is intended to provide trained Accountants for public works divisions (PWD), irrigation divisions, public health and engineering divisions, or other independent executive charge. These divisions are headed by Executive Engineers who are on state government payroll.
  1. How DA defines their profile – They (Divisional Accountants) are the central government employees but works in the state government office coordinating with the state government officials. The Divisional accountant cadre i.e. state once allotted cannot be changed except for mutual transfers that too only in probation. The DA cadre is controlled by State Accountant general Office, their promotion and transfers are under the jurisdiction of state AG Office.

 Divisional Accountant is amongst the most relaxed jobs in all other job profiles offered under SSC CGL. We all know how unprofessionally the PWD, irrigation division or public health and engineering departments (which are under state government) works, almost every division works unprofessionally for e.g. no attendance, passing deadlines and no direct accountability to central government. So, you can very well understand that a Divisional Accountant posted in these divisions also works in the same unprofessional manner.

Divisional Accountant is the central employee and working in the state owned office and his controlling authority is situated either in state capital or some other city of that state. So, indirectly Divisional Accountant is his own boss. Salary of Divisional Accountant comes from state treasury, so you have to be vigilant/aware enough to claim all allowances applicable to central government employees.

Work of Divisional Accountant in the Division

The nature of duty of divisional accountant in the state government divisions is to act as a financial advisor to the Executive Engineers of that division and pass/object bills put up by the executive engineer. He is the sole signing authority to pass the finance bills of the division. So, the duties performed by the divisional accountant is not an uphill task, basic knowledge of the rules and regulation compiled from the training period will let you perform your work smoothly. Moreover, you will be allotted a cabin to perform your duties. There will be a head clerk and 3-4 more subordinates who will be assisting you on the basis of work load and size of division.

Power/Respect

Before rating DA in terms of power, we must divide power in 2 types

  1. Social Power/Respect/Status – ZERO
  2. Power/Respect/Status in Office – In his own office DA enjoys so much power which is not enjoyed in most other CGL jobs. But, over the period of time, as stated before, a DA’s work will remain same even after promotions and hence the power level will also remain the same. This is in stark contrast from other posts offered through CGL where the power level/authority increases after every promotion.

Money Matters???

If your appetite for earning money isn’t fulfilled by the stipulated salary, then Divisional accountant post offers you enough opportunities to earn. The divisions stated above have their budget for the year and that can start from lakhs to hundreds of crores. For passing every bill you are entitled for 0.25 to 1% of commission (for bill amount is higher than 5 lakhs), in case of lower amount bills, the percentage increases accordingly.

NOTE – There are certain dead divisions also where the allocated budget is Rs. 0 (Don’t Worry See Training section for this)

Transfers

All DA are entitled to transfer in every 3 year period but within the state. Preferences will be asked by the AG’s Office and if the division is vacant i.e. no DA is available in the division then you will be allotted that division. No one from state government or any local politician can influence your transfer before 3 years.

Work Pressure and Working Conditions

 This is the post which have least work pressure as compared to other interview post in CGL. No Boss, having signing authority and sub ordinates to assist you. Regarding working conditions, this post will not give you a high quality working environment as in other Interview post of CGL. You have to work in state owned divisions which may or may not located in good city of that state. Infrastructure wise, most divisions are far backward and will remind you of a true sarkari office feeling like RTO offices of a city. Some of the divisions might be located in undeveloped sectors of that state, thus, facilities like good house, light, water, sanity will come under luxury for that area. But, one must remember that the under the table income is directly proportional to the scope of development in the area under that division. The more undeveloped the division, more are the projects and funds allocated for that division’s development.

Promotion

Promotion in divisional accountant are average neither too fast nor too slow. The hierarchy pyramid of DA cadre is shown below

Hence, from above pyramid it is quite clear that DA will get only 3 promotion in whole service. Moreover, Promotions are quite slow once you start reaching top of pyramid and also varies from state to state.

But to overcome this negative aspect of this post, a DA can give SAS exam after completion of 2 years of service. Clearing SAS exam directly promote him/her to 4800 GP and he can join C&AG as AAO (Assistant Accountant Officer).

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All about Assistant in Other Ministries

 

Assistant in Other Ministries/Departments/Organisations

Level: 6

Basic Pay: Rs. 35,400/-

Location - All India Posting What is the difference between Assistant Section Officer in CSS & Assistant in other Ministries ?? There are offices attached to the different ministries, while Assistant Section Officer in CSS gets posting in those ministries, Assistant in Other Ministries/Department/Organization gets posting in those attached Offices. So, the work of Assistant in Other Ministries/Department/Organization also differs form Assistant Section Officer in CSS.

We have got detailed description of Assistant in Other Ministries/Department/Organization post from one of our friend posted in Passport Office which is one of the department under Ministry of External Affairs.

The Job Profile as Assistant in Passport Office is similar to the job profile of Assistant in all the other Departments/Organizations. 

Job Profile of Assistant in CPV [Consular Passport, Visa] Division under MEA

Have you ever visited any Regional Passport Office ??

If you got this post and have not visited Passport Office yet, then we suggest you to visit it. You will get to know the job you have to do being an Assistant there.

However, We know some of us belongs to the place where no passport office exist. So, for them to know about the job they will be doing soon, next few paras will help them to clear the air.

An Assistant Job in passport Office is public dealing Job (Different from Assistant in CSS, where no public dealing). His job is to verify the documents of passport applicants. Dealing Assistant submits the files to Superintendent who in turn submits to PGO (Passport Grant Officer).

As we know the passport application process is completely on-line now and there are deadlines for every step in the whole process. So, the workload is immense at some passport offices. You have to work on saturday/sunday if required but you will get extra pay for that. For example - There are events like Passport Mela which usually scheduled on weekends.

There is incentive scheme also for particular work. You can earn up to 33% of your salary in this incentive scheme. We don't have information about the incentive policy in other departments/organization under this post.

A Common profile for All departments/Organisations under this post

The post of Assistant is very important post in the department and all Establishment, Administrative and Financial matters are basically examined and processed at this level. Assistant generally deal with mostly various complex/complicated nature of duties in HQ, Zonal and GDCs with an independent and higher sense of responsibility. An Assistant has to have thorough and extensive knowledge with requirement to make a complete study over the cases and has to correctly interpret rules/instructions/regulations intended for making these applicable in the department. An Assistant has to be very effective/efficient in dealing with the following vital issues concerning Establishment/Administrative & Financial matters after basic examination and thorough process at their level. The duties and responsibilities of Assistant are given below:-

1. Recruitment Rules of Group ‘A’,’B’,’C’ & ‘D’
2. Dealing with Audit Objection/Queries
3. Maintenance of Reservation Roster for Recruitment and Promotion
4. Preparation of DPC papers of various categories of officers & staff
5. Disciplinary cases, Preparation of Charge sheet/Memorandums
6. Control of Department’s Budget expenditure and compilation of budget of various GDCs
7. Dealing with VIP cases and Parliament questions (Starred & Unstarred)
8. To execute the fieldwork, drawals of money before start of the field and ensure payments to the field hand well in time before and during the field season

Promotion

Superintendent exercise the same functions as Section Officers/Desk Officers in the Ministries/Departments/Secretariates of Govt. of India.  Minimum time frame for Assistant to be promoted as superintendent is 3 years. After Superintendent the next promotion is Passport Granting Officer, It's a risky job due to the responsibilities attached to it.

Money

Apart from salary, there is scope to get UTM after getting your first promotion. Now, your question would be - how ??

As you know these are the attached offices under ministries and have direct public dealings, project handling & granting which involves budgets in crores. So, scope of getting UTM increases.

That's all for this Post Description.

To get a little glimpse of All India posting read this circular - Click to Read

Vacancy details of Assistant in Passport office as on 16.07.2014 - Click Here

* In Passport Office you will get chances to meet famous personalities :)

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All about AEO

ASSISTANT ENFORCEMENT OFFICER (AEO)

Level: 7

Basic Pay: Rs. 44,900/-

Assistant Enforcement Officer is the most unexplored 4600 GP Interview Post among all other 4600 GP Interview Posts offered through SSC CGL. 

SSC CGL Offers aspirants to get selected in the powerful Enforcement Department.

HQ – New Delhi Regional Office - Mumbai, Chennai, Chandigarh, Kolkata and Delhi Zonal Office - Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Chandigarh, Chennai, Kochi, Delhi, Panaji, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Jalandhar, Kolkata, Lucknow, Mumbai, Patna and Srinagar. These are headed by a Joint Director.  Sub Zonal Office - Bhubaneshwar, Kozhikode, Indore, Madurai, Nagpur, Allahabad, Raipur, Dehradun, Ranchi, Surat and Shimla. These are headed by a Deputy Director.

* So, No tier 3 cities, almost all offices either in national capital or state capitals. So, aspirants who doesn't want to go beyond tier 2 cities AEO is most suitable for you.

Why Powerful??

First read what enforcement department says about itself.

Directorate of Enforcement is a Multi-Disciplinary Organization mandated with the task of enforcing the provisions of two special fiscal laws -

1. Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (FEMA)

2. Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002 (PMLA)

Enforcement Directorate besides directly recruiting personnel, the Directorate also draws officers from different Investigating Agencies, viz., Customs & Central Excise, Income Tax, Police, CBI, etc. on deputation. (See Deputation Adv. for reference)

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Being the only department dealing with the cases which involves huge money and powerful personalities, the power of Enforcement Department is at par with CBEC & CBDT.

[quote font_size="18" color="#000000" bgcolor="#edd9b4" bcolor="#048ff2"]

The following excerpt form 6th Pay commission report will make it more clear.

“para 7.15.24 – The posts of Assistant Enforcement Officer and Chief Enforcement Officer (Now redesgnated as Assistant Director) have traditionally been on par with the posts of Income Tax Inspectors and ITO/analogous posts in CBDT and CBEC. Subsequent to up-gradation of posts of Inspectors/ITOs/analogous posts in CBDT and CBEC, the Government also upgraded the posts in Enforcement Directorate but with a time lag. Since the parity between these posts is well established, the Commission recommends that the same should be maintained in future.”

" The duties and responsibilities of Assistant Director (re-designated) of Enforcement Directorate are on par with the duties and responsibilities of the post of Superintendent of Central Excise. The Superintendents of Central Excise are being joined in Enforcement Directorate as Assistant Director on deputation basis also."

An excerpt from news on ED raid

"In one of the most daring operations led by a Deputy Director in August, 1997, a hawala dealer was caught with cash of more than Rs. 1.18 crores in his office at Jama Masjid area of Delhi and large number of incriminating documents showing huge transfer of money through hawala channel to various terrorists outfits were seized." [/quote]

Job Description

The work of Assistant Enforcement Officer (AEO) depends on the seat and place of posting. Metropolitan cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai have higher chances of FEMA or PMLA Offences and hence AEO gets the chance to be in field but in cities like Allahabad, Raipur, etc AEO have to do clerical tasks.

Duties to Perform 

  • To collect, develop and disseminate intelligence relating to violations of FEMA, 1999, the intelligence inputs are received from various sources such as Central and State Intelligence agencies, complaints etc.
  • To investigate suspected violations of the provisions of the FEMA, 1999 relating to activities such as “hawala” foreign exchange racketeering, non-realization of export proceeds, non-repatriation of foreign exchange and other forms of violations under FEMA, 1999.
  • To adjudicate cases of violations of the erstwhile FERA, 1973 and FEMA, 1999.
  • To realize penalties imposed on conclusion of adjudication proceedings.
  • To handle adjudication, appeals and prosecution cases under the erstwhile FERA, 1973
  • To process and recommend cases for preventive detention under the Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of Smuggling Activities Act (COFEPOSA)
  • To undertake survey, search, seizure, arrest, prosecution action etc. against offender of PMLA offence.
  • To provide and seek mutual legal assistance to/from contracting states in respect of attachment/confiscation of proceeds of crime as well as in respect of transfer of accused persons under PMLA.

An important description of authority to deal cases according to the money involved 

Designation of Officers Monetary limit of Cases to be dealt with (X)
Director of Enforcement >10 Crore
Special Director of Enforcement >10 Crore
Additional Director of Enforcement 5 crore < X < 10 Crore
Joint Director of Enforcement 2 crore < X < 5 Crore
Deputy Director of Enforcement 1 crore < X < 2 Crore
Assistant Director of Enforcement X < 1 Crore

STAFF POSITION IN ENFORCEMENT DIRECTORATE

Sanctioned Strength  - 2064

Working Strength 

As on 31.03.2012 - 570 As on 31.03.2013 - 656 As on 31.03.2014 - 691 As on 31.03.2015 - 682

This shows how much staff crunch in Enforcement Directorate only 33% of sanctioned strength is present and hence resulting in enormous workload at each level.

Excerpt from a leading news paper

"An internal assessment of the Enforcement Directorate (ED), which handles all PMLA cases, shows that its investigating officers achieved an average disposal rate of just 1.4 cases dur ing 2013-14. And the pendency of PMLA cases per officer was a staggering 7.7.

If the existing number of investigating officers were to complete the PMLA cases, it would take 5.5 years. The delay in ED is caused by huge shortage of manpower, with the agency running with just 33% of the sanctioned strength. Out of a sanctioned strength of 2064, it has just 686 employees. It is also facing a fresh exodus of officials on deputation in recent months. [/quote]

Promotion

   The Staff crunch in ED is self explanatory about the promotion aspects in the department. Smaller cadre, 33% of sanctioned strength is working, which means ample of opportunity to get promotion on time.  An AEO can get promoted to EO in 5 years maximum.  An EO after 4 years of further service gets promoted to Assistant Director (In ITI, Excise, PO, Examiner the designation remains same at this level of promotion). An Assistant Director of ED gets promoted to Dy. Director in minimum 3 years and maximum 5 years. So, practically ED has the fastest promotion among all other departments. So, an AEO joining at age of 22-25 can reach up to the level of special Director in ED  * Remember Deputation Officers are there but only for 3 years Maximum. Hence, the Permanent employees of ED have significant chances of growth in terms of promotion.

Transfers

Transfers are frequent but as mentioned above the offices are in limited numbers and are located in national & state capitals. So, one should not afraid of the transfers. 

Money

ED deals with the cases which involves huge amount of money and powerful peoples, So an AEO being the lowest group B officer in the office will not have authority or power to deal such cases. Money is there but it flows from top to down.

Moreover, cities like Allahabad, Ranchi, Raipur, etc are said to be dry in terms of money. 

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All about Preventive Officer (Customs)

All About Preventive Officer in Customs

Level: 7

Basic Pay: Rs. 44,900

Introduction

Preventive Officer in Customs post is still not explained in detail in any of the available platforms. We'll try to provide each and every detail for Preventive Officer in Customs. Many of us have confusion whether the Preventive Officer in Customs work profile is similar to Examiner or Excise Inspector in CBEC. The profile of Preventive Officer in Customs is not completely similar to either of the two above mentioned posts. Preventive Officer in Customs selected through CGL Exam works in Customs branch of CBEC. There are custom Zones in which Excise and Customs are separate, Preventive Officer in Customs are posted in those zones. 

Some Custom Zones where Preventive Officer in Customs gets posting :

Chennai Customs Cochin Customs Kolkata Customs Mumbai – I Customs Goa Customs Visakhapatnam Custom

Deputation - Preventive Officer in Customs can go for deputation in various Excise Zones for 1-3 year respectively in which

Promotion

Promotion of Preventive Officer in Customs is not as good as Examiner in Customs but better than Excise Inspector in CBEC.

First promotion of PO in customs is Superintendent of Customs and for this eligibility criteria is 8 years of service. Preventive Officer are also eligible to get promoted as Appraiser but only 20% of Appraiser post reserved for them and the same service criteria of 8 years is applicable for getting promoted to Appraiser. Now, understand with the cited example below :

Suppose there are 100 Seats of Appraiser out of which 20 seats are reserved for Preventive Officers. As we know Examiner in Customs are eligible for promotion to Appraiser after 3 years of regular service. So, a Preventive Officer who joined 8 years before and senior to 3 years old Examiner will be getting one of the 20 post of Appraiser. However, due to less workforce available in CBEC as compared to sanctioned strength, the eligibility criteria were relaxed  in recent DPC.

But, before you came to conclusion about promotion aspects of Preventive Officer in Customs. Some points are worthy to mention before concluding this promotion section

  • A long queue of Preventive Officers in waiting for promotion as Appraiser.
  • Promotion to Superintendent of Customs are not as slow as in Excise Inspector.
  • Promotion to Assistant Commissioner are better than Excise but no comparison with fast promotion of Appraiser Cadre.
  • A Preventive Officer joining service at age of 23-25 will get up to the post of Dy. Commissioner in current scenario.
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